The Demonic Poison Frog (or Yapacana’s Little Red Frog), Minyobates steyermarki, is listed as ‘Critically Endangered’ on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Its range in humid montane forest habitats on the Cerro Yapacana in southern Venezuela is probably less than 10km². This small species, like other Poison Dart Frogs, is known for being highly toxic, a feature they obtain through their diet. The Demonic Poison Frog can be easily found in bromeliad plants.
The Demonic Poison Frog is under major threat from the destruction and degradation of its habitat through open cast or open pit gold mining and its associated pollution and fires, with additional habitat loss resulting from wildfires. It is also under threat from over-collection by the pet trade.
The Demonic Poison Frog is listed on Appendix II of CITES, meaning that trade in this species is strictly regulated. Furthermore, Cerro Yapacana is a Venezuelan Natural Monument, which may offer some protection to the species.