[vc_row padding_top=”0px” padding_bottom=”0px” border=”none”][vc_column width=”2/3″ fade_animation=”in” fade_animation_offset=”45px” style=”p {font-size: 130%}”][custom_headline type=”left” level=”h3″ looks_like=”h3″]

Screening Chilean Endemic Amphibians: Looking for Potential Threats

[/custom_headline][line][text_output]Screening health status in native amphibians will be performed, detecting both known pathogens as potential microorganisms that can cause disease. Priority will be given to threatened endemic species, facing different levels of human activity along determined Chilean ecoregions.

About the target species:[/text_output][vc_row_inner][vc_column_inner width=”1/2″]

[text_output]Calyptocephalella gayi

The commonly called “Chilean helmeted bull frog” is the biggest amphibian in the country, measuring up to 30 cm in length and achieving up to 1 kg in weight. This frog is considered a living fossil, because of their gondwanic origin and nowadays is categorized in Vulnerable status by IUCN. Closely linked to wetlands in the country´s centre-south zone, in which their reproductive cycle is carried out. The entire metamorphosis can take more than a year.[/text_output][/vc_column_inner][vc_column_inner width=”1/2″]

[text_output]Nannophryne variegata

Probably considered the farther south amphibian in the world, N. variegata is a little and sturdy toad, with the skin covered by numerous granulations and three to five characteristic yellowish-green bands. Recently studies show that derives from a genus that constitutes a very old lineage from the Bufonidae family. This animal inhabits cold and humid temperate forests in the Austral Patagonia.[/text_output][/vc_column_inner][/vc_row_inner][vc_row_inner][vc_column_inner width=”1/2″]

[text_output]Alsodes australis

It is a frog of medium to large size, robust body and strong limbs. In this specie (and generally for genus Alsodes) the males are characterized by develop notorious thorny patches and cornifications in hands and fingers for amplexus proposes. Hydroelectric projects actually are a major threat due to intimate association from this anuran to water courses.[/text_output][/vc_column_inner][vc_column_inner width=”1/2″]

[text_output]Insuetuphrynus acarpicus

Endemic specie commonly called “Mehuín Green Frog” due to type locality where occurs. Associated to clear and fast streams, this unique amphibian is in critical risk of extinction as a principal result of the incessant destruction of native woodland and the pine plantation establishment. Preservation plans are urgently needed in I. acarpicus because of their narrow distribution and limited dispersion.[/text_output][/vc_column_inner][/vc_row_inner][line][vc_row_inner][vc_column_inner width=”1/2″]

[/vc_column_inner][vc_column_inner width=”1/2″][/vc_column_inner][/vc_row_inner][text_output]

Lentic wetland with abundant vegetation in Saval Park, Valdivia, Chile. Typical habitat of Calyptocephalella gayi.

[/text_output][vc_row_inner][vc_column_inner width=”1/2″]

[/vc_column_inner][vc_column_inner width=”1/2″][/vc_column_inner][/vc_row_inner][text_output]

Tundra environment (flooded and open areas) in southern forests in Aysén and Magallanes regions. Typical habitat of Nannophryne variegata.

[/text_output][vc_row_inner][vc_column_inner width=”1/2″]

[/vc_column_inner][vc_column_inner width=”1/2″][/vc_column_inner][/vc_row_inner][text_output]

Cold mountain streams of austral temperate Nothofagus forest. Typical habitat of Alsodes australis.

[/text_output][vc_row_inner][vc_column_inner width=”1/2″]

[/vc_column_inner][vc_column_inner width=”1/2″][/vc_column_inner][/vc_row_inner][text_output]Small area of remnant native forest in the new locality of Insuetophrynus acarpicus, Chanchán locality (39°36’ S, 73°16’ W; 486 m a.s.l.) in the Valdivian Coastal Range (Rabanal & Nuñez, 2012.)[/text_output][text_output]Literature cited:

MINSEGPRES (2012) Supreme Decree N° 29-2011, Environment Ministry. Promulgate Classification of chilean wildlife species regulation according to conservation status. Ministry of the President´s Office, Santiago de Chile.

IUCN 2015. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2015.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 09 September 2015.

Lobos G, Vidal M, Correa C, Labra A, Díaz-Páez H, Charrier A, Rabanal F, Díaz S, & Tala C (2013) Amphibians of Chile, a challenge for conservation. Environment Ministry, Faculty of Livestock and Veterinary Sciences, Universidad de Chile and Chilean Herpetology Network.

Rabanal F. and J. Nuñez. 2012. Discovery of a new population of the Critically Endangered frog Insuetophrynus acarpicus Barrio, 1970 (Anura: Cycloramphidae): Latitudinal and altitudinal extension in the Valdivian Coastal Range, Southern Chile. Check List 8(4): 810–812.[/text_output][/vc_column][vc_column width=”1/3″]

[text_output]Telmatobius marmoratus © Diego Reyes Arellano[/text_output][custom_headline type=”left” level=”h3″ looks_like=”h3″]The Country[/custom_headline][line][text_output]Chile[/text_output][custom_headline type=”left” level=”h3″ looks_like=”h3″]Target Species[/custom_headline][line][text_output]Telmatobius marmoratus (VU)
Telmatobius pefauri (EN-Rare)
Alsodes montanus (En-rare)
Pleurodema thaul (NT)
Rhinella arunco (VU)
Telmatobufo venustus (EN)
Telmatobufo ignotus (Not categorized)
Insuetuphrynus acarpicus (En-Rare)
Callyptocephalella gayi (VU)
Eupsophus altor (Not categorized)
Alsodes australis (NT)
Nannophryne variegata (LC)[/text_output][text_output]Alsodes montanus © Alexander Baus[/text_output][text_output]Pleurodema thaul © Brad Wilson[/text_output][text_output]Rhinella arunco © Diego Reyes Arellano[/text_output][text_output]Telmatobufo venustus © Alexander Baus[/text_output][text_output]Eupsophus altor © Ramón Reyes Carrasco[/text_output][custom_headline type=”left” level=”h3″ looks_like=”h3″]Team Members[/custom_headline][line][text_output]Ismael Barría-Oyarzo

María-Violeta Barrera

Leonardo Bacigalupe

Felipe Rabanal[/text_output][custom_headline type=”left” level=”h3″ looks_like=”h3″]Partner Organizations[/custom_headline][line][text_output]Universidad Austral de Chile: Evolutionary and Environmental Sciences Institute

Universidad Austral de Chile: Animal Pathology Institute

Universidad de Chile: Faculty of Veterinary Medicine- (FAVET)

National Forestry Service (CONAF-Chile)

Agriculture and Livestock Service (SAG-Chile)[/text_output][/vc_column][/vc_row]